Recently, Rabbi Josh Berkenwald, of Congregation Sinai in San Jose, CA, shared on his blog a sermon he gave upon returning to his community after living for three months on Hannaton with his wife Dana, and two children. We asked Rabbi Josh if we could reprint some of his thoughts on our site and he agreed. The full post may be found here.
…When trying to figure out where we would live, we initially thought of Jerusalem. It soon became apparent that finding a school that would accept our children for only three months would pose a challenge. So we started to think of alternatives. In the course of asking around for suggestions, several people said, “Why don’t you check out Kibbutz Hanaton?”
Hanaton is located on a hill in the Lower Gallilee, about 30 minutes East of Haifa, a few kilometers from the Movil interchange. It overlooks the Eshkol Reservoir, the major water reservoir serving the North. It lies between the Bedouin village of Bir al-Mahsur and the Arab town of K’far Manda.
Dana and I had heard about Hanaton. We knew that it was a Masorti kibbutz in the North. Masorti is the name of the Conservative Movement in Israel. It has a guest house that some USY Pilgrimage groups used to stay at for a few days, although neither of us had been there. But we did not know anything beyond that.
So we started to inquire, including sending an email to a friend who had a friend who lived part-time on Hanaton. That friend of a friend sent an email to the Hanaton listserve, and before we knew it, people that we had never met were reaching out to us, offering to answer questions about life on Hanaton, school options, and living opportunities.
We lucked out in finding a basement apartment for rent, and then we started making our plans.
But let’s back up. Eight years ago, Kibbutz Hanaton, which was founded in 1983 by a group of Olim from North America, was down to about three members, and had hundreds of thousands of shekels worth of debt. It was on the verge of collapse.
Rabbi Yoav Ende was a recently ordained Masorti Rabbi who had a vision of building an inclusive, open, pluralistic religious community. He recruited a small cohort of young families who were ready to take a risk and try something new. In 2008, they moved to Hanaton and transformed it into a kibbutz mitchadesh – a revitalized kibbutz.
Hanaton is not what you are thinking of when you hear the word “kibbutz.” Kids live with their parents. Each family lives in its own home, owns its own belongings, and has its own car. There is no community dining hall.
Collectively, the kibbutz owns a few businesses, the largest being a refet, or dairy farm, which is wisely located at the top of the hill, upwind from the housing area. This ensures that kibbutz members have a constant olfactory reminder of the shared enterprise which is the kibbutz’s most profitable endeavor. I like to call that reminder “eau de refet.”
There is a fantastic boutique winery called Jezreel Valley Winery, a hydroponic lettuce farm called Yarok al HaYam, a ceramics studio, and a horse therapy center. Most kibbutz members work outside of the kibbutz in just about any profession you could imagine. There are several nursery schools, and a group is actively trying to establish a grade school on Hanaton.
So in what way is Hanaton actually a kibbutz? It’s collective in the sense that the people who live there have joined together to build a community founded on shared values of Judaism, pluralism, democracy, and egalitarianism. Members come from diverse backgrounds: Masorti, Reform, Secular, and Orthodox. They come from diverse political persuasions. There are all sorts of family configurations living at Hanaton, including single parents and same sex families.
On Shabbat, the central streets of the kibbutz are closed to automobiles, although not every kibbutz member keeps Shabbat or kashrut. If someone wants to use their car, they just park it outside the gate. Friends who identify as secular explained to us that they want their children to grow up with a deep knowledge, learned from lived experience, of what it means to be a Jew. Friends who identify as religious talk about wanting to raise their children in a pluralistic community. There are nine Rabbis living on Hanaton, hailing from every single major movement in Judaism.
There is no Mara D’atra, or person who is in charge of making religious decision on behalf of the community. Questions are dealt with somewhat collectively.
Tefilah on Shabbat feels a lot like here at Sinai – informal, participatory, child friendly, and non-judgmental. Each week, a different family or group takes responsibility for Shabbat services, assigning services leaders and Torah readers, preparing the D’var Torah, and sponsoring the kiddush.
Now at 70 families and growing, Hanaton recently closed its debt and is continuing to attract members, construct new homes, and build new community facilities. Because just about everyone there has moved in within the last seven years, the community is comprised mostly of young families, meaning there are kids everywhere. They are free to roam unsupervised. That took a little bit of adjustment for our family. We knew our kids would be safe, because we knew that there would be an entire kibbutz of adults looking out for them. Needless to say, it was great for them.
The Hanaton Educational Center, led by Rabbi Ende, is also doing fantastic things. It just graduated its third Mechinah cohort. Mechinah is kind of like a gap year for Israeli high school graduates before they begin their army or national service. The Mechinistim come from all over the country. Like the members of the kibbutz, they arrive from diverse backgrounds. They take classes in which they discuss Judaism, philosophy, Israel, and Zionism. They volunteer in the surrounding area. They build connections with neighboring Arab communities. And they are adopted by families from the kibbutz. It is really touching to see how past graduates came back to be with their kibbutz families for Shavuot.
This year, the Educational Center is starting a gap year program for North American students as well. Having lived there, and knowing Rabbi Ende and the other people who are running the program, I can tell you that it will be an incredible experience. Let me know if you are interested.
And they have more plans for expansion as well.
Rabbi Ende explained to me that his motivation for rebuilding Hanaton and its Educational Center is Zionistic. He wants to make a positive contribution to Israeli society, and he knows that the best way he can do this is by focusing not on national or international policy, but rather, on his own community. He is trying to build a kibbutz that embraces values of Judaism, pluralism, and democracy, and that teaches those values to young Israelis before they begin their army service. That way, they will bring their increased understanding with them when they defend their country. The Educational Center also tries to pursue those values in the wider community through programming with neighboring villages, especially some of the nearby Arab communities.
Read Rabbi Josh Berkenwald’s complete post here.